The COVID Mapping Project was created to centralize data from all 50 states. This project provides the means to download all of the data including core COVID indicators as well as demographic info, county info, and others.
Data relevant to US Zip Codes. Includes a list of zip codes, population data by zip, population density, etc.
A collection of hospital data by state. Some datasets include ICU beds, total beds, others list hospitals by county.
A collection of primary and secondary school related datasets (locations, offerings, etc). source: https://nces.ed.gov/ccd/